August 1, 2022

Depo-Provera: Everything to Know About the Birth Control Shot

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What is Depo Provera?

Depo-Provera, also known as medroxyprogesterone acetate, is progestin containing birth control injection. The hormone progestin prevents pregnancy by thickening the cervical mucus and thinning of the lining of the uterus, which prevents ovulation and egg fertilization. The injection is most effective at preventing pregnancy when given every 3 months (Planned Parenthood). 

Risks and Side Effects

Depo-Provera is not recommended if you have breast cancer, history of depression, a history of heart attack or stroke, liver disease, and unexplained vaginal bleeding. Depo-Provera might cause loss of bone mineral density, so the injection is not recommended for teens who have not reached peak bone mass density (Mayo Clinic).

Common Side Effects (Mayo Clinic)

  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Decreased interest in sex
  • Depression
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Irregular periods and breakthrough bleeding
  • Nervousness
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Weight gain

It’s Fetch is a community that provides a safe space for members to discuss health and wellness topics. We provide access to archived health related content, note the date of last review or update on all articles. No content shared, regardless of date should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician. 

-Written by Sabrina Park MPH

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