August 17, 2022

Glossary: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is an infection of a woman’s reproductive system. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or (PID) is commonly caused by untreated sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as chlamydia and gonorrhea (CDC). 

Risks and Symptoms

The risk for getting PID increases for people with an untreated STD, have more than one sexual partner, have sex with someone who has other sexual partners, are sexually active and under the age of 25,  douche, or use an IUD (CDC). If left untreated, PID may cause several complications, including ectopic pregnancy, infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and tubo-ovarian abscess (Mayo Clinic). 

Common Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Pain during sex
  • Pain with urination
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding

Mayo Clinic recommends urgently seeing a healthcare provider if you have severe lower abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, fever with a temperature higher than 101 F, and foul vaginal discharge.

Prevention and Treatment

To prevent PID, Mayo Clinic recommends practicing safe sex. This includes: using condoms, limiting your number of sex partners, and regular STD testing. Treatment for PID usually includes antibiotics and temporary abstinence. 

It’s Fetch is a community that provides a safe space for members to discuss health and wellness topics. We provide access to archived health related content, note the date of last review or update on all articles. No content shared, regardless of date should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician. 

-Written by Sabrina Park MPH


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